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An inflammatory condition of the liver is Hepatitis. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection,there are other possible causes of Hepatitis. These include auto immune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. When your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue Autoimmune hepatitis occurs. Viral infections of the liver that are classified include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Taking a sample of tissue from your liver is an invasive procedure called liver biopsy which allows your doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected your liver. In the early treatment of autoimmune hepatitis  corticosteroids, like prednisone or budesonide, are extremely important.

 

 The liver is responsible for many critical functions within the body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. If it becomes diseased or injured, the loss of those functions can cause significant damage to the body. There are over 100 different forms of liver disease that affect men, women and children. These diseases include cirrhosis, alcohol abuse, hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E, Epstein Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and iron overload (hemochromatosis). The main symptoms of liver imbalance include weakness and fatigue, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and yellow discolouration of the skin (jaundice)

 

 Gastrointestinal immunology deals with the immune reaction of the gastrointestinal tract to the external stimulus. Failure in responding is important as it deals with the function of gastrointestinal tract system. This field of science is rendering a new scope in development in terms of research. The latest developments in organ transplantation of the liver and gut is example for the progress in treatment of gastrointestinal immunology

 

 Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the digestive tract and accessory organs, such as the pancreas and liver. Gastrointestinal pathology (including liver, gallbladder and pancreas) is a recognized sub-specialty discipline of surgical pathology. Recognition of a sub-specialty is generally related to dedicated fellowship training offered within the subspecialty or, alternatively, to surgical pathologists with a special interest and extensive experience in gastrointestinal pathology.`

 

 

<span rgb(51,="" 51,="" 51);="" font-family:="" "roboto="" slab",="" serif;="" font-size:="" 13px;="" text-align:="" justify;="" background-color:="" rgb(255,="" 255,="" 255);\"="">Hepato Radiology is basically for precise diagnosing biliary tract issue and is imperative for identifying liver injuries or damage and patients with a suspected malignancy is important because the liver is the common site of metastatic spread and those who are at the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma.

 

Neurogastroenterology encompasses the study of the brain, the gut, and their interactions with relevance to the understanding and management of gastrointestinal motility and functional gastrointestinal disorders. Specifically, neurogastroenterology focuses on the functions, malfunctions, and the malformations of the sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric divisions of the digestive tract. Function of neurons in the gastrointestinal tract is Peristalsis, Segmentation contractions, Secretion. The enteric nervous system is one of the main divisions of the nervous system and is the main focus of neurogastroenterology. The enteric nervous system refers to the entire system of neurons that govern the gastrointestinal system. It is capable of operating independently of the brain and spinal cord.

 

  • Track 6-1Brain-mast cell connection for functional gastrointestinal disorder
  • Track 6-2Directions for the Neuro Gastroenterology
  • Track 6-3Implications for the brain mast cell connection for functional gastrointestinal disorders
  • Track 6-4central Neurophysiology in psychiatric disorders

Liver cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the liver. They’re benign growths, meaning they aren’t cancerous. These cysts generally don’t require treatment unless symptoms develop, and they rarely affect liver function. Liver cysts are the result of a malformation in the bile ducts, although the exact cause of this malformation is unknown. Bile is a fluid made by the liver, which aids in digestion. This fluid travels from the liver to the gallbladder through ducts or tube-like structures.

  • Track 7-1Abscesses
  • Track 7-2simple cysts
  • Track 7-3cystic tumor

Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition the team of pediatric gastroenterologists, hepatologists, dietitians, clinicians and nurses is dedicated to helping children with common or complex gastrointestinal, liver and nutritional problems. The goals of the Gastroenterology Division are to provide outstanding medical care to persons with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, to train gastroenterology and to perform cutting-edge biomedical research to improve our understanding of digestive diseases.

 

  • Liver Enlargement
  • Portal Hyp
  • Transhepatic Pancreato-Cholangiography
  • Hepatitis A and E
  • Alcoholic Liver Disease
  • Track 8-1liver Enlargement
  • Track 8-2Portal Hypertension
  • Track 8-3Hepatitis A & E
  • Track 8-4Alcoholic liver disease

The Intestinal Rehabilitation Program is the latest treatments to help your child’s intestine work well if affected by disease (like short bowel syndrome), injury or a surgery that removed part of it. With recent advances in diet, medicine and surgery, we have greatly reduced the need for intestine organ transplants in children. Intestinal rehabilitation is the process of gradually restoring the intestine’s ability to digest food and absorb nutrients. This is done through diet, medicines and surgery other than organ (intestine) transplant. Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) is a complete form of nutrition given into the blood through a vein (intravenously) by a central line placed in the child’s chest, neck or groin

  • Track 9-1Adverse Effects of Intestinal surgery
  • Track 9-2Intestinal Rehabilitation Centers
  • Track 9-3Benefits of Intestinal Rehabilitation

Digestive diseases are disorders of the digestive tract, which is sometimes called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In digestion, food and drink are broken down into small parts (called nutrients) that the body can absorb and use as energy and building blocks for cells. Conditions may range from mild to serious. Some common problems include cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, and lactose intolerance. Tests for digestive problems can include colonoscopy, upper GI endoscopy, capsule endoscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and endoscopic ultrasound. Many surgical procedures are performed on the digestive tract. These include procedures done using endoscopy, laparoscopy, and open surgery. Organ transplants can be performed on the liver, pancreas, and small intestine. Many health care providers can help diagnose and treat digestive problems. A gastroenterologist is a physician specialist who has received extra training in the diagnosis and treatment of the digestive disorders.The digestive tract is made up of the esophagus (food tube), stomach, large and small intestines, liver, pancreas, and the gallbladder.

 

  • Track 10-1Bowel diseases
  • Track 10-2colorectal diseases

Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestine to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery). Liver transplantation or hepatic transplantation is the replacement of a diseased liver with the healthy liver from another person (allograft). Liver transplantation is a treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure, although availability of donor organs is a major limitation. The most common technique is orthotopic transplantation, in which the native liver is removed and replaced by the donor organ in the same anatomic position as the original liver.

 

  • Track 11-1Types of liver Transplantation
  • Track 11-2Types of liver Transplantation
  • Track 11-3Types of liver Transplantation
  • Track 11-4Bariatric surgery procedures
  • Track 11-5Procedure for liver Transplantation

Complication of Liver disease that involves loss of Liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver is known as Cirrhosis. For treating patients with advanced cirrhosis transplantation of the liver is an important option. There is no constant cure for cirrhosis of liver, and for some people the diagnosis is poor. The life expectancy for advanced cirrhosis is 6 months to 2 years although they depend on difficulties of cirrhosis, and if there is no donor available for liver transplantation the life expectancy for people with cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis can be as high as 50%. Complications of cirrhosis include: Spontaneous bacterial, Peritonitis, Bleeding from varices, Hepatorenal syndrome, and Hepatopulmonary syndrome. People with cirrhosis may have few symptoms or no symptoms at all. Some of the more common symptoms and signs of cirrhosis include

 

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Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver. Liver disease can occur through several mechanisms. One general mechanism, increased DNA damage, is shared by some of the major causes of liver disease. These major causes include infection by hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus, alcohol abuse, and obesity. A common form of liver disease is viral infection. Viral hepatitides such as Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus can be vertically transmitted during birth via contact with infected blood

  • Track 14-1Hepatitis B
  • Track 14-2Hepatitis C
  • Track 14-3Fatty Liver syndrome
  • Track 14-4Chronic liver diseases
  • Track 14-5Non Alcoholic fatty liver diseases
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  • \r\n Hepatitis B
  • \r\n
  • \r\n Hepatitis D
  • \r\n
  • \r\n

Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the digestive tract and accessory organs, such as the pancreas and liver. Gastrointestinal pathology (including liver, gallbladder and pancreas) is a recognized sub-specialty discipline of surgical pathology. Recognition of a sub-specialty is generally related to dedicated fellowship training offered within the subspecialty or, alternatively, to surgical pathologists with a special interest and extensive experience in gastrointestinal pathology.

 

  • Oral pathology
  • Salivary gland pathology
  • Esop
  • Track 16-1Introduction to Endoscopy
  • Track 16-2Introduction to Endoscopy
  • Track 16-3Epigastric pain
  • Track 16-4Epigastric pain

An upper gastrointestinal series, also called an upper gastrointestinal study or contrast radiography of the upper gastrointestinal tract, is a series of radiographs used to examine the gastrointestinal tract for abnormalities. Radiology can be done in many ways like x-ray, computed tomography, Magnetic resonance imaging. Computed tomography now allows comprehensive assessment of abdominal and pelvic inflammatory and infectious processes, obstruction, tumour detection and staging, and display of vasculature and blunt trauma effects.

 

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is a technique from side to side which the doctors can be able to lookout inside the gastrointestinal trackGastrointestinal endoscopy can be executed either an inpatient or an outpatient setting. Through this process assess the problems of the gastrointestinal track such as ulcers, inflamed mucous, abnormal growth, bleeding in the colon. Endoscopy has various names depending on which part of the digestive system doctor seeks to inspect.

 

  • Endoscopy
  • Rod-lens endoscopes
  • Endoscope reprocessing
  • Colonoscopy
  • Gastroscopy
  • Advances in endoscopy
  • Augmented reality
  • Tools used during endoscopy

Gastrointestinal immunology deals with the immune reaction of the gastrointestinal tract to the external stimulus. Failure in responding is important as it deals with the function of gastrointestinal tract system. This field of science is rendering a new scope in development in terms of research. The latest developments in organ transplantation of the liver and gut is example for the progress in treatment of gastrointestinal immunology

 

  • Autoimmune liver diseases
  • Autoimmune pancreatitis
  • Gastrointestinal microbiota
  • Immunology Treatment
  • Gut immunology
  • Track 19-1Gastrointestinal micro biota
  • Track 19-2Gut Immunology
  • Track 19-3Autoimmune Pancreatits
  • Track 19-4Immunology Treatment
  • Track 19-5Peritoneal Dialysis Related Infections
  • Track 19-6Immunohistology of the Gastrointestinal tract
  • Track 19-7Recent advancements in Gastrointestinal pathology

Researchers are investigating new treatments for IBS. Serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/protein isolate (SBI), a nutritional therapy, has shown some promise as a treatment for IBS with diarrhea.Studies also show that, in people who have IBS with diarrhea, a specially coated tablet that slowly releases peppermint oil in the small intestine (enteric-coated peppermint oil) eases bloating, urgency, abdominal pain and pain while passing stool. It isn't clear how enteric-coated peppermint oil might affect IBS, so ask your doctor before using it

  • Track 20-1Diet,medications,supplement
  • Track 20-2IBS Treatment
  • Track 20-3Comprehensive or Alternative Therapies

Pediatric gastroenterology developed as a sub-specialty of pediatrics and gastroenterology. It is concerned with treating the gastrointestinal tract, liver and pancreas of children from infancy until age eighteen. The principal diseases it is concerned with are acute diarrhea, persistent vomiting, gastritis, and problems with the development of the gastric tract. The correct function of the gastric tract and the internal health is related to the nutrition that the child or its mother receives. From the prenatal period, correct nutrition can affect the developing of the system, short bowel syndrome (the most common one), necrotizing enterocolitis, gastroschisis or omphalocele to the postnatal period with diseases such as diarrhea.

 

  • Track 21-1Necrotizing Enterocolitis
  • Track 21-2Aspiration
  • Track 21-3Hematemesis
  • Track 21-4Hematemesis
  • Track 21-5Apnea
  • Track 21-6omphalocele
  • Track 22-1Advanced Imaging in Gastroenterology
  • Track 22-2Medical Imaging
  • Track 22-3Gastrointestinal Radiology
  • Track 22-4Imaging systems

Clinical Gastroenterology is a series of concise monographs on diseases commonly encountered in the clinical practice of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology. Particular emphasis is placed on areas in which knowledge is advancing rapidly. Clinical Gastroenterology includes practical information of companies or laboratories that perform specialized testing, relative costs of diagnostic and therapeutic options.

 

  • Track 23-1Metabolism
  • Track 23-2Homecare
  • Track 23-3Nutrient absorption
  • Track 23-4Nutritional assessment

 liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons.

There are many kinds of liver diseases:

Symptoms of liver disease can vary, but they often include swelling of the abdomen and legs, bruising easily, changes in the color of your stool and urine, and jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and eyes. Sometimes there are no symptoms. Tests such as imaging tests and liver function tests can check for liver damage and help to diagnose liver diseases.

 

  • Track 24-1Metabolic diseases
  • Track 24-2Metabolic diseases

The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. After meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size of a small pear. In response to signals, the gallbladder squeezes stored bile into the small intestine through a series of tubes called ducts. Bile helps digest fats, but the gallbladder itself is not essential. Removing the gallbladder in an otherwise healthy individual typically causes no observable problems with health or digestion yet there may be a small risk of diarrhea and fat malabsorption.

  • Track 25-1Gallstones
  • Track 25-2Tumors
  • Track 25-3Acute Acalculous Cholecystits

Liver cancer, otherwise called hepatic cancer and primary hepatic cancer, is cancer that begins in the liver. Cancer which has spread from somewhere else to the liver, known as liver metastasis, is more typical than that which begins in the liver. Symptoms of liver growth may include an irregularity or pain in the right side beneath the rib cage, swelling of the abdomen, yellowish skin, easy bruising, weight loss, and weakness. The leading reason for liver cancer is cirrhosis because of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or alcohol. Different causes include aflatoxin, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and liver flukes. The most widely recognized sorts are hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which makes up 80% of cases, and cholangiocarcinoma. Primary liver cancer is all around the 6th most frequent cancer (6%) and the second leading reason for death from cancer 

In this type of disorder gastrointestinal tract looks normal but doesn’t work properly. The factors which affect the GI tract and its motility are eating a diet low in fibre, not enough exercise and other changes in routine, stress, taking antacids containing calcium/aluminium and pregnancy. It is the most commonly seen in the ages of 20-50. It can be cured by taking precautions like proper diet intake and timings of meal and avoiding spicy food etc.

 

The Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology department is a team of highly specialized medical oncologists, scientists, physician assistants and research nurses who treat gastrointestinal malignancies, including cancers of the liver, bile duct, gallbladder, pancreas, large and small bowel, stomach, esophagus and rare tumors. In recent years, we have witnessed immunotherapy-based agents transform how we manage patient’s malignant melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, genitourinary cancers, head and neck cancers and Hodgkin’s lymphoma to list a few. Unfortunately, the progress of immunotherapy-based agents in GI cancers has been slow, As a group, gastrointestinal cancers are the most common cancers.

 

  • Track 28-1Gastrointestinal cancer symptoms,causes and treatment
  • Track 28-2Gastrointestinal malignancy
  • Track 28-3Advances in Gastrointestinal oncology

 

In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, normal physiological changes during pregnancy produce dramatic modifications. Pregnancy, therefore, poses a unique medical stress to the GI tract, and for many women, is a period of vulnerability for the development of new or exacerbation of existing GI disorders. These changes may cause new symptoms, worsen preexisting disease, or mask potentially deadly disease. A lack of experience in dealing with these symptoms can have devastating effects. The physician must be able to distinguish whether these symptoms are those of normal pregnancy or a potentially life-threatening complication such as preeclampsia. The physician must also know which medications are safe in pregnancy, as well as which tests are safe to perform during pregnancy.


In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, normal physiological changes during pregnancy produce dramatic modifications. Pregnancy, therefore, poses a unique medical stress to the GI tract, and for many women, is a period of vulnerability for the development of new or exacerbation of existing GI disorders. These changes may cause new symptoms, worsen preexisting disease, or mask potentially deadly disease. A lack of experience in dealing with these symptoms can have devastating effects. The physician must be able to distinguish whether these symptoms are those of normal pregnancy or a potentially life-threatening complication such as preeclampsia. The physician must also know which medications are safe in pregnancy, as well as which tests are safe to perform during pregnancy.

  • Track 30-1Gastroenterological conditions in pregnent women
  • Track 30-2Most common Gastroenterological disorders in pregnent women

HBV can cause acute and chronic infection.There is currently no role for molecular testing in the diagnosis of acute hepatitis B other than in the detection of asymptomatic patients during pretransfusion screening of blood products. To facilitate an understanding of the utility of molecular testing for chronic hepatitis B, the four stages of chronic hepatitis B infection that are currently recognized, as well as an additional entity, occult hepatitis B, that can be diagnosed only by sensitive nucleic acid amplification methods, are reviewed in detail, including available therapeutic age

  • Track 31-1serological and molecular testing
  • Track 31-2Laboratory methods for diagnosis

 <span style="\&quot;font-size:" 13.5pt;\"="">Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe disorders that involve chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms vary, depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Symptoms may range from mild to severe. You are likely to have periods of active illness followed by periods of remission. The exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease remains unknown. Previously, diet and stress were suspected, but now doctors know that these factors may aggravate but don't cause IBD